Read or download o brazil e as colonias portuguezas

Nilo encontrar o leitor, n'esta obra, a historia do nosso dominio no Oriente. Tratamos agora de co- lonias, e no de conquistas, especies, a nosso vr, inteiramente diversas. A conquista ou vassallagem das costas e ilhas do oceano indico, pelos portuguezes, foi j por ns estudada, summaria e rapidamente, como convm, no plano d'estes livros, a um episodio ruidoso, bri- lhante se quizerem, para a nossa patria, mas sem maior alcance para a historia do mundo.

D'essa Viagem da lndia, t em que Portugal se embarcou, restam ainda salvados; como quando, depois do naufragio, fluctuam sobre as ondas as estilhas do navio despedaado : Timor, Macau que principiou por ser um ninho de piratas, e a cidade do Albuquerque terribil, Ga, com um alfoz bem pouco ha enfeodado Inglaterra. Resta ainda um largo trato da costa oriental da Africa, depois de perdido o Zanzibar ao norte, e ao sul, o Cabo e o porto a que Vasco da Gama chamou do Natal. Eram ter- ritorios habitados por selvagens, como o eram os da costa occidental, como o eram os do Brazil.

Mo- ambique prende-se, pois, historia colonial portu- gueza : dando a esta expresso o sentido restricto que a nosso entender lhe convm. Conquistar pe- las armas e impr o dominio proprio, a cul- tas, embora o sejam de um modo di:fferente do eu- ropeu, di:ffere essencialmente do facto de amansar ' tribus selvagens, de as exterminar, de povoar ter- ritorios ns, de desbravar florestas virgens, e abrir o solo s culturas productivas ; -e ainda que usal- mente se d o nome de colonias a todos os estabe- lecimentos fundados por europeus fra da Europa, fra.

N' este livro, pois, estudaremos a dos portuguezes na Amarica e na Africa; e estudai-a- hemos conjunctamente, porque os territorios nacio- naes formavam, n'essas duas partes do mundo, um systema que se desenvqlvia, parallelamente ao sys- tema das conqltistas orientaes. Aqui os portugue- zes davam largas ao seu genio guerreiro e mercan- til ; na Africa e Amarica obedeciam aos impulsos mais felizes do seu genio indagador e audaz ; e a mesma tenacidade, com que antes tinham querid desvendar, e tinham desvendado, os segredos do mar, t era a que os impellia agora a segredos d'esses vastos e espessos da Africa e da Amarica austraes.

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Oliveira Martins, O Brazil e as Colonias Portuguezas

Os portuguezes foram os primeiros colo- nos europeus ; e as ilhas do Atlantico o primeiro exemplar de colonias propriamente ditas. As se- mentes lanadas terra da America germinaram, e o imperio do novo continente veiu dar um maior testemunho posterior do nosso genio. Fortu11a di- versa coube Africa, por isso que ella foi, quasi at nossos dias, uma dependencia do Brazil. A obra do arroteamento e cultura na America faltavam braos, e na Africa sobravam negros: as duas co- lonias formavam um systema, como atraz disse- mos;- mas se provinha d'ahi o fomento de uma, provinha tambem a condemnalo da outra.

Eman- cipado o Brazil e abolida a escravido, a Africa entrou recentemente n'uma ra nova, a que ns, a seu tempo, buscaremos descortinar o futuro. Uma nao formada, livre e forte, na America, e quasi metade da metade austral da Africa, a colo- nisar. A sua historia nlo ficaria completa, se se lhe n! Essa historia da formao e desenvolvimento das colonias, nem pr ser destituida dos episodios bri lhantes, dos acasos dramaticos, das intrigas enre dadas que a interven!

E um estudo de embnolo. Assim viveram os velhos sabinos, assim Remo e seu ir- mo ; assim cresceu a poderosa Etruria ; assim Roma se tornou a maravilha do mundo! I A descoberta e a occupao As causas que levaram os portuguezes a em- barcar-se na explorao do mar Atlantico tm sido demoradamente estudadas e so conhecidas : t no nos occuparemos, pois, d'ellas. O perodo que vae do primeiro quartel do seculo xv at ao segundo do XVI a grande epocha das descobertas marti- mas.

O primeiro quartel do XVI seculo t V. S a ra da descoberta littoral do Brazil, effectuada por navegadores portuguezes e estrangeiros. Assim, na Madeira e nos Aore i se crea- ram capitanias, nome com que aprouve denominar os novos senhorios. N'este primeiro momento da historia da colonisao portugueza, veem-se como dois reis na nao: o monarcha, por direito hiato- rico; e o infante D. Henrique, 3 promotor aventu- rado das descobertas, senhor dos territorios ultra- marinos, cujo dominio o papa, suzerano espiritual t- 1.

Fernande a. Miguel Aores por Gonalo Cabral. Jorge Aores por Bruges. Thlago e Fogo Cabo-Verde. Thom 70e Prlnclpe ' A descoberta parecia attribuir um direito analogo ao direito da conquista nos tempos medievaes ; e os navegadores eram investidos nas capitanias, em que se repartiam os territorios, como que con- quistados ao mar. A Madeira e Porto-Santo fo- ram em f divididas em duas capitanias, a do Funchal e a de Machico, dando-se a primeira a Zarco, e a segunda a Tristo Vaz. Nos Aores se- guiu-se o mesmo systema.

Colonisadas, com algar- vios e minhotos, pelos seus donatarios, as ilhas do Atlantico breve prosperaram sombra de um clima.

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Funchal era villa ' Reconhecimento a Melinde na coata orientalpor Vasco da Gama.Nazism in Brazil began even before World War IIwhen the National Socialist German Workers' Party made political propaganda in the country to attract militants among the members of the German community. Germans began emigrating to Brazil around In the s and s another major wave of German immigrants began arriving in Brazil again in the tens of thousands due to the socioeconomic problems faced by Weimar Republic Germany in post World War I.

It was this new wave of German immigration that originated most of the Nazis in Brazil, since these new immigrants had stronger ties with Germany than the immigrants who arrived in Brazil in the 19th century.

It can not be said if the majority of the German community in Brazil adhered to the Nazi ideology, but important segments of this community were infiltrated by Nazis. The Nazis in Brazil were concentrated mainly between the business and urban strata of the German community, and not in the German colonies. Not all affiliates to the Nazi party in Brazil engaged in ideology; many did so in pursuit of economic benefits that such membership could provide.

The Nazis were spread across 17 Brazilian states, from north to south. At that time, there were alsoBrazilians—descendants of Germans, but these could not join the party; that was reserved to those born German. It was not in the interest of the Nazis to participate in the elections in Brazil, and the party was never registered in the Brazilian Electoral Court.

According to the then German ambassador to Brazil, Karl Ritterthere were explicit guidelines that the party should not interfere in Brazil's internal affairs. In the last year,after the establishment of the Estado Novo dictatorshipthe Nazi party and all other foreign political associations were declared illegal.

read or download o brazil e as colonias portuguezas

With Adolf Hitler's rise to the Chancellor's office in Germany, German-Brazilians began to be sent propaganda from German Nazism to attract followers abroad. Although there has never been a Nazi Party organized, legally or clandestinely in the country, several members of the Teuto-Brazilian community were members of the Brazilian section of the Nazi Party of Germany.

This section reached 2, members and was the largest section of the German Nazi Party outside Germany. Beforethere were two flows of German immigration into Brazil. The first flow occurred in the nineteenth century, which gave rise to several colonies scattered throughout Brazil, but concentrated in the South.

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At the time of the rise of Nazism in Germany, this community was already largely made up of the second and third generation in Brazil. This community maintained diverse German cultural habits, however the geographic distance and the passage of time brought about perceptible cultural changes. In turn, the second flow occurred in the first decades of the twentieth century.

During the Republic of Weimar and due to the consequences of World War I, Germany experienced several economic crises. Due to the demand for skilled and technical labour, many Germans immigrated to Brazil during this period. Evidently, these new immigrants had stronger and more recent bonds with Germany than the German-Brazilians who arrived in the 19th century, and their descendants.

The newly arrived immigrants from Germany differed from the existing German-Brazilians.

Nazism in Brazil

The first were called Reichsdeutsche Germans of the Empirewhile the second were the Volksdeutsche German people. Only the German-born could join the Nazi party. By the mids, there were more than one million Germans and their descendants in Brazil, mostly in Rio Grande do Suland Santa Catarina ,About Publish Join Sign In.

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